PSY 15 – Theories of Personality
June 12, 2012 § Leave a comment
Is a discontinued course at my college.
To my extreme sadness. I really wanted to take it. That’s actually the kind of psychology I want to explore — the scientific/biological basis behind behavior, emotion, and personality. How much is genetic/inherited? How much is formed by the individual? Influenced by the environment? Are there basic “types”? Or are people as varied as snowflakes?
So . . . . needless to say, I have an interest in personalities, personality typing, and personality theories. It’s like this almost contradictory desire because I like to believe that personalities are unbounded and ultimately undefinable yet I have this obsession with categorizing, defining, breaking down into types, trends, etc.
Though I feel like I’m not alone in this obsession with the current trends of “What House would you be Sorted into?” and “What would your daemon be?” and “What would your Homestuck title and land be?” and the like.
So this is just a collection of the many different kinds of personality tests and quizzes I’ve taken. Links are provided if you want to take a crack at them yourself.
ZODIAC (WESTERN AND EASTERN)
Western: Go here for a comprehensive birth chart. You need to know the date, time, and location of your birth.
Based on the ancient Greek idea that four basic temperaments stemmed from four “humours” or bodily fluids that dominated the human body: Sanguine (Blood), Choleric (Yellow Bile), Phlegmatic (Phlegm), and Melancholic (Black Bile)
Alternative PDF test from a different site
MYERS-BRIGGS PERSONALITY TYPE INDICATOR (MBTI)
I first took this test during high school at this site:
It gives a very detailed report but if you don’t want to register, here’s this site, which gave the same results, albeit briefer:
KEIRSEY TEMPERAMENT SORTER (KTS-II)
Closely connected with the MBTI is the KTS-II.
You have to register, but it’s free; the more detailed reports cost money but the basic one is free.
RISO-HUDSON ENNEAGRAM TYPE INDICATOR (RHETI)
I took several different tests:
http://www.eclecticenergies.com/enneagram/test.php (the first one)
And read the descriptions here: http://www.enneagraminstitute.com/
I really recommend reading through not only your highest score but the top 2-3 as well to see which one fits you. In my case, I got type four, seven, and nine a lot, but seven a bit more, and after reading the descriptions, I feel closer to a type seven.
DISC PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT
The letters stand for Dominance, Influence, Steadiness, and Compliance.
Short and simple.
Cerebral Personality Test Results
Scoring highly suggests you are likely to be very inquisitive, exploring, scientific, contemplative, self-examining, and philosophical. Low scorers, will generally tend towards the opposite of the above. They will tend to be more conventional, less curious and analytical, less focused on the big picture / global variables, and more comfortable identifying as part of maintream culture.
RIGHT BRAIN VS LEFT BRAIN
The way I remember the general split is that right is rhythm (so more creative, big picture) and left is logic (more analytical, detail-oriented).
(I apologize for posting the whole thing here; they didn’t give me a link to these specific results.)
|Left Brain||Right Brain|
You are more right-brained than left-brained. The right side of your brain controls the left side of your body. In addition to being known as right-brained, you are also known as a creative thinker who uses feeling and intuition to gather information. You retain this information through the use of images and patterns. You are able to visualize the “whole” picture first, and then work backwards to put the pieces together to create the “whole” picture. Your thought process can appear quite illogical and meandering. The problem-solving techniques that you use involve free association, which is often very innovative and creative. The routes taken to arrive at your conclusions are completely opposite to what a left-brained person would be accustomed. You probably find it easy to express yourself using art, dance, or music. Some occupations usually held by a right-brained person are forest ranger, athlete, beautician, actor/actress, craftsman, and artist.
Your complete evaluation follows below:
Your left brain/right brain percentage was calculated by combining the individual scores of each half’s sub-categories.
|48% — Linear||67% — Random|
|34% — Symbolic||36% — Fantasy-oriented|
|27% — Sequential||32% — Nonverbal|
|25% — Logical||30% — Holistic|
|20% — Reality-based||28% — Concrete|
|0% — Verbal||24% — Intuitive|
What Do These Percentages Mean?
Low percentages are common in the Brain Type Test and are not indicative of intelligence. Instead, medium to high scores (30 – 50%) are desireable, as they show an ability to utilize a processing method without an abnormal reliance on it. Special focus should be paid to highly dominant (50% or above) or highly recessive (0 – 30%) methods, as they tend to limit your approach when learning, memorizing, or solving problems.
If you have Highly Dominant characteristics, your normal thinking patterns will naturally utilize these methods. Conscious effort is required to recognize the benefits of other techniques. Using multiple forms of information processing is the best way to fully understand complex issues and become a balanced thinker.
If you have Highly Recessive characteristics, your normal thinking patterns naturally ignore these methods. You may only consider these under-utilized techniques when “all else fails,” or possibly not at all. It is important to recognize the benefits of all of your brain’s capabilities in order to become a balanced thinker.
LEFT BRAIN CATEGORIES
Linear processing is a method by the left hemisphere to process information. In this process, the left brain takes pieces of information, lines them up, and proceeds to arrange them into an order from which it may draw a conclusion. The information is processed from parts to a whole in a straight, forward, and logical progression.
Your Linear Analysis — When processing information using this method, you will occasionally feel the need to see the “whole picture” before you are able to achieve results. At other times, you are able to piece all of the parts together in a straight and logical progression to form a whole, which then enables you to understand what you have processing. The information, your mood, and your level of comfortable are all factors that determine your response to a linear processing problem.
Symbolic processing is a method associated with the left hemisphere that is used for processing the information of pictures and symbols. The majority of functions associated with academics involve symbols such as letters, words, and mathematical notations. This process is what aids you to excel in tasks such as linguistics, mathematics, and memorizing vocabulary words and mathematical formulas.
Your Symbolic Analysis — You have the ability to process the information of symbols at times, but you may need to first view the real object before you can understand what you are trying to process. For example, in solving math problems it occasionally helps you to “draw out” the problem, which allows you to better understand it through visualization. At other times you do not need visualization to aid you in forming your answers.
Sequential processing is a method used by the left hemisphere for processing information. The information that is received is processed in order from first to last. Information is processed in a systematic, logical manner. Through sequential processing, you can interpret and produce symbolic information such as language, mathematics, abstraction, and reasoning. This process is used to store memory in a language format. Activities that require sequential processing include spelling, making a “to-do” list, and many aspects of organization.
Your Sequential Analysis — You show moderate ability to organize information sequentially. You are capable of processing information you receive in a systematic, logical order from first to last. However, at times you will process information you receive quite randomly, or may give it only a semblance of order. You are probably an average mathematician and speller, and may or may not enjoy tasks such as making “to-do” lists.
Logical processing is a method that is used by the left hemisphere to take information piece by piece and put it all together to form a logical answer. When information is received through reading or listening, the left hemisphere will look for different bits of information that will allow it to produce a logical conclusion. This aspect of the left hemisphere is what aids you in solving math problems and science experiments.
Your Logical Analysis — When processing information using this method, you may consider the information before you and produce a logical answer, or you may tend to go with your gut. You may discover that you can “guess” your way through S.A.T. questions about as accurately as you can deduce them. It is important that you nurture your ability to use logic whenever it is needed, but do not neglect other methods of processing information if you hit a logical roadblock.
Reality-based processing is used by the left hemisphere as a method for processing information with a basis on reality. This processing tool focuses on rules and regulations. An example of this would be how a left-brained person would completely understand the repercussions of turning in a late assignment or failing a test. A left-brained person also usually easily adjusts to changes in their environment.
Your Reality-based Analysis — The information you process may lack a basis on reality, but it does open the door to creativity. You do not show much focus for rules and regulations and do not adjust well to change in the environment. In fact, upon experiencing change in the environment, it spurs you to try to change it yourself instead of adjusting to it. Whenever you become emotionally involved in project you are more likely to learn and succeed.
Verbal processing is a method used by the left hemisphere to process our thoughts and ideas with words. For example, through verbal processing, a left-brained person giving directions may say, “From this point continue east for two miles and turn north onto Bellevue Road. Continue north on Bellevue Road for seven miles and turn west on Main Street”. With verbal processing, exact, logical directions are given in a very sequential manner compared to a right-brained person who, in giving the same directions, would use more visual landmarks.
Your Verbal Analysis — You are not a verbal person. When you process your thoughts, you tend to use very few words, preferring instead to illustrate a problem or solution. You often find yourself in situations where it is hard for you to “find the right words.” Upon reading or hearing new information, you must first create a “mental video” before you can process and understand the information of your thoughts. For example, when giving directions, you probably use many gestures with your hands such as pointing and leaning, and also refer to visual structures such as “a McDonalds” or “the big tree” instead of street names or exact mileage.
RIGHT BRAIN CATEGORIES
Random processing is a method used by the right hemisphere for processing information. The information that is received is processed without priority. A right-brained person will usually jump from one task to another due to the random processing by their dominant right hemisphere. Random processing is, of course, the opposite of sequential processing therefore making it difficult for right-brained individuals to choose to learn in sequence. In order to overcome this, a right-brained person may want to attempt to learn sequence by using colors since the right hemisphere is sensitive to color. For example, you may want to associate the first step with green, the second step with blue, and the last step with red. Consistently using the same sequence will allow you to see that this strategy can be applied to many tasks involving sequence.
Your Random Analysis — You show a strong ability at random processing. You are good at completing tasks in an unspecified order, and don’t waste time creating lists when they aren’t needed. You are also able to make “leaps of logic” and make discoveries a sequential thinker could never dream of making. However, you may have difficulty with spelling or certain aspects of mathematics, such as geometric proofs.
Fantasy-oriented processing is used by the right hemisphere as a method for processing information with creativity. It focuses much less on rules and regulations than the processing method of a left-brained person. Due to the fantasy-oriented processing mechanism of a right-brained person, they do not adjust well to change. Instead of adapting to the change in the environment, a right-brained person attempts to change it back to the way they liked it. But fantasy-oriented processing also provides the advantage of creativity to right-brained individuals, and since emotion is integral of the right side of the brain, anything a fantasy-oriented person becomes involved in emotionally will aid their ability to learn.
Your Fantasy-oriented Analysis — You have the ability to use both creativity and reality to process the information you receive. This is a unique gift that allows you to both focus on rules and regulations but to also act with creativity. You are able to adjusting to change, even though you might not like it, and you can become emotionally involved in your work if it interests you.
Nonverbal processing is a method used by the right hemisphere to process our thoughts with illustrations. Reliance on this method is why it is occasionally difficult for right-brained people to “find the right words” in certain situations. A right-brained person cannot just read or hear information and process it, but first must make a mental video to better understand the information they have received. For example, through nonverbal processing, a person giving directions may say, “Continue going straight until you see a big, red-brick courthouse. At the courthouse turn right, and go down that street for a couple of miles until you se a gray stone church which will be on your right. Straight across from the church is the road to the left you need to take.” With nonverbal processing, the directions that are given are extremely visual compared to the exact, sequential directions that would be given by a left-brained person.
Your Nonverbal Analysis — When processing your thoughts and ideas, you use tend to use both illustrations and words. When giving directions, you probably use both visual illustrations such as, “keep going until you see a McDonalds on your right; then turn left at the Home Depot”, and technical terms such as, “travel for two miles and turn east onto First Street.”
Holistic processing is a method used by the right hemisphere to process information. The information is processed from whole to parts. A right-brained person, through holistic processing, is able to see the big picture first, but not the details that accompany it. A strongly holistic person may often find that prior to listening to a lecture given by an instructor, they must first read the chapter so that they better understand what the lecture is about. This function is also what provides to you your visual spatial skills. It also aids in tasks such as dancing and gymnastics. Through holistic processing, memory is stored in auditory, visual, and spatial modalities.
Your Holistic Analysis — You show some ability to process data holistically, starting with the whole and working backwards to find the parts, which inform the whole, to form your conclusion. When you process information in a linear manner you are able to start with the parts and work up to form the whole. It is important to be comfortable with both methods, as both are equally necessary in the learning process.
Concrete processing is a method associated with the right hemisphere that is used for processing things that can be seen or touched. It processes much of the information you receive from real objects. For example, a right-brained person is not just satisfied that a mathematical formula may work, but will want to know why it works. A strongly concrete person often finds it easier to solve a mathematical problem by “drawing it out” because it allows them to visualize it. The more a concrete person can visualize something the easier it is for them to understand it.
Your Concrete Analysis — At times, you feel the need to see a real object in order to understand it. At other times, you are able to understand a problem on a symbolic level. For example, you may find that in solving math problems, it occasionally helps you to “draw out” the problem in order to understand and solve it.
Intuitive processing is a method that is used by the right hemisphere to process information based on if it “feels” right or not. For example, a right-brained person may choose an answer on a test because they had a “gut” feeling and often they will be correct. Another example of this is how a right-brained person will know the correct answer to a math problem but will not understand the procedure of how they arrived at the correct answer. A right-brained person will usually have to start with the answer and work their way backwards in order to be able to see and understand the parts and process that create the whole.
Your Intuitive Analysis — When processing information, at times you are able to go with your “gut” instincts. At other times you may doubt your instincts, or prefer to put information together piece by piece to form your conclusion. You should be careful not to ignore your intuition, but at the same time do not solely rely on it.
LOCUS OF CONTROL
Gives you an idea of where you believe control over your life lies.
Your results suggest you tend to believe that internal factors like drive and free will define you more than external factors like genetics, fate, luck, and environment.
BIG 5 PERSONALITY TEST
225 questions based on the Big 5 personality theory, which claims that all personality traits can be condensed into five basic categorical ranges:
- extroversion — Social (high), Reserved (low)
- neuroticism — Calm (high), Limbic (low)
- conscientiousness — Organized (high), Unstructured (low)
- agreeableness — Accommodating (high), Egocentric (low)
- openness — Inquisitive (high), Non-curious (low)
In particular, this one has 45 traits in the results, with the main five bolded. Check the percentages of the bolded ones and use the initials to find your type.
SLUAI (Social, Limbic, Unstructured, Accommodating, Inquisitive)
The wikipedia page has more extensive descriptions of each trait.
EYSENCK PERSONALITY TEST
The precursor to the Big 5, Hans Eysenck proposed that personality could be narrowed down into two categorical ranges, though later on he added a third factor.
I’m not going to post my results as they’re similar enough to the Big 5 one to seem a bit redundant.
CATTELL’S 16-FACTOR PERSONALITY TEST
Before the development of the Big 5, Cattell proposed that there were 16 basic aspects of personality.
Again, I’m not posting my results as this one doesn’t really deal with types, but many “grey areas,” so my results are subtly different each time I take it.
This deals with Freud’s theory of pyschosexual development.
Freudian Inventory Results
|Oral (53%) – you appear to have a good balance of independence and interdependence knowing when to accept help and when to do things on your own.
Anal (36%) – you appear to be overly lacking in self control and organization, and possibly have a compulsive need to defy authority. If you are too scatterbrained, you will not develop much as a person as you will habitually switch paths before you ever learn anything.
Phallic (20%) – you appear to have negative issues regarding sexuality and/or have an uncertain sexual identity.
Latency (60%) – you appear to have a good balance of abstract knowledge seeking and practicality, dealing with real world responsibilities while still cultivating your abstract and creative faculties and interests.
Genital (70%) – you appear to have a progressive and openminded outlook on life unbeholden to regressive forces like traditional authority and convention.
Some additional information from the results page.
Freuds theorized that there are 5 stages of psychological development. At the oral stage the main issue is dependency, at the anal stage the main issue is self control, at the phallic stage the main issue is sexual identity, at the latency stage it’s skill development, and at the genital stage its creativity and productivity.
Freud theorized that psychological problems are related to problems during one or more of these stages. For example, being too cared for or too neglected causes someone to be orally fixated, too much or too little control causes someone to be anally fixated, insufficient parental role modeling causes phallic fixation.
An orally fixated person is either irrationally dependent (expects what they want to just appear) or irrationally independent (always refuses help).
An anally fixated person is either irrationally self controlled and servile to authority or has no self control and is compulsively defiant of authority.
A phallicly fixated person is either a sexual compulsive (sexually innappropriate/promiscuous) or sexually repressed.
Freud did not classify any latent fixation but I think it is as plausible as those at the other stages. I speculate that people that like to learn and acquire knowledge without any purpose or people that are compulsively non curious represent both dysfunctional ends of the latency spectrum.
The genital stage is the final Freudian developmental stage and according to Freud people don’t all succeed at this. Freud believed the ideal for human happiness is to be happy in love and work, problems in one or the other cause unhappiness.
KINGDOMALITY PERSONAL PREFERENCE PROFILE
This test is about career/workplace types:
VISUALDNA PERSONALITY TEST
A test where all the possible answers are images.
(Make sure to save your results somewhere as the links expire.)
SPIRIT — You have a bright spirit and warm energy. Chatty and friendly, you feel most relaxed when you’re hanging out with your best friends.A sensitive soul with an expressive nature, you tend to be quite a romantic at heart. Sometimes you love nothing more than escaping into your very own dreamworld. Spontaneous new experiences can be really inspiring to you and you like exploring your creative side from time to time.Right now, you may feel like life’s a bit boring. You’re stuck in the same old routine and could probably do with bit of a change.Sometimes you could do with more help around the house. It’s not surprising that things get on top of you now and again. Don’t be hard on yourself. You’re doing a great job, and remember that no one can be a supermom every second of the day! It’s important to remember to tap into your inner strength and to believe in yourself. Take on new challenges and stay stimulated so you remain enthusiastic and inspired by life. As a Seeker, you get excited by new ideas. You like adventure and original experiences that stimulate and challenge your status quo. Stay inspired with a rich mix of activities, and find time for hobbies that allow you to explore your creative side. Learn to recognize when you need variety in your life, and then incorporate it into your daily plans.Your love of spontaneity is a strength that makes you a fun person to hang out with. But sometimes a little planning can be a good thing. After all, it’s nice to have things to look forward to. Make a date with your friends before they’re all booked up! Take time out for those important friendships, and you’ll reap the benefits in every area of your life.
RELATIONSHIP — You believe in happy endings. By being yourself and feeling comfortable in your skin, you will give off lots of positive energy and attract the kind of love that you deserve. As a True Romantic, you’ve got a lot of love to give and like to jump in feet first. You have strong instincts and a good understanding of who you are and what you want from life. You like to follow your dreams and believe in happy endings. You are very expressive and would like a relationship that’s very open and honest. Intense experiences appeal to your sensual side. It’s all about immersing yourself in the fairy-tale feelings of being in love. For you, it’s the little things that make being in love so special: getting someone else to look after the kids for evening so you can take a sunset stroll on a beach, hold hands at the movies and feel protected and cared for.
TIPS — So you’re a True Romantic but what tips can we give for when you’re looking for love?
- Be natural. Begin by making friends. That way you can enjoy being yourself as you gradually explore whether there’s a deeper potential between you.
- You are naturally warm and trusting. Just make sure to follow your instincts and listen to your head as well as your heart before diving in too deep.
- It’s the little things that count. It’s time to let your thoughtfulness shine. Get ready to woo with lots of tender words and surprising gifts.
- Express yourself! You have a natural flair for communication. This is your chance to connect. Be open, friendly and easygoing.
MONEY — You like to be able to treat yourself every now and then. You have a passion for fashion, so you would love to be able to indulge in a shopping trip whenever the mood strikes! You have a very healthy approach to life. You know that true happiness doesn’t come from material things or possessions. It goes much deeper than that and is all about valuing those things you can’t put a price on. You like to care for those around you, and if they’re happy, you’re happy. You appreciate that both highs and lows make up the balance of life and you always try and stay spiritually strong and focused.
HEALTH — Mornings aren’t your idea of fun. You find it hard to get moving and often rely on a serious caffeine hit to get ready for the day. But there’s no doubt that you’re on the right track overall. Unappealing as it may seem, it would be good to try to be a bit more active every day. You might be surprised at how much you’d actually enjoy regular exercise. It may sound hard to believe, but endorphins are better than chocolate if you just give them a chance! You may even find that you’re in a better mood more often. Start off with something that isn’t too intimidating, like climbing the stairs instead of taking the elevator. You might even consider signing up for a few personal training sessions in the gym so that you have a program that’s tailored just for you. You may need to think about making a few changes what you eat too. Maybe you could try making homemade versions of your favorite restaurant meals to reduce the sodium and fat content and eat healthier without compromising too much on taste.
FOOD — You like to strike a balance in life. Things might get crazy at times, but you still like to find the time to cook a nutritious meal. The simplest recipes tend to be the ones that work best for your full-on lifestyle, so you can often be found creating some sort of delicious stir fry or Eastern-inspired dish.
HOME — Ever stopped to dream about your perfect life, even for a bit? Thought so! In fact, your grounded nature suggests your dream life isn’t too far out of reach. You’re not fantasizing about exotic villas or huge mansions – you’d probably be more comfortable in a beautiful house in the suburbs. A nice neighborhood and friendly neighbors would go a long way for you.
ENTERTAINMENT — You like to live life on the edge…of your chair. Laid-back and easy-going, you know how to kick back, put your feet up and watch the world go by or just chill in front of the TV and forget the world exists for a few hours. Life can be so hectic that it’s the perfect way to unwind. Don’t be afraid of granting yourself a little bit of downtime.
STYLE — Your pretty, feminine style exudes low-key elegance and charm. You don’t need to be brash or falling off a pair of stilettos to get noticed. Being at ease and feeling confident in yourself works wonders. You like to keep things real and are practical, too, so you’re just as comfortable getting groceries as checking out the latest designer looks.
TRAVEL — You’re inquisitive, open-minded and interested in history. You love to discover new things and experience new places. For you, the tourist trail is best avoided. After all, it’s the hidden gems that make traveling so exciting! You love to thoroughly immerse yourself in culture, so chances are you’ll end up in a museum or gallery at some point on your trip.
PERSONALITY DISORDER TEST
Just for fun. Take with a grain of salt. (If you do think you have a problem, please consult with a professional rather than relying on online tests.)
Alternative Test: http://www.4degreez.com/misc/personality_disorder_test.mv
Your style is Romantic — Elegant yet relaxing. Luxurious fabrics, soft colors, fresh florals. Appeals to all the senses and sets a warm mood. My home has Romantic style.
Warm and Vibrant — You are a sunny, energetic person who needs the same kind of colors surrounding you. Your ideal color palette consists of yellow, orange and red. Opt for deeper tones for a warm look and feel. Lighter, brighter tones produce vibrancy and stimulation.
Yes, I’m sorry, you need a Pottermore account to access these tests/quizzes, but I’m still going to include my results. That shouldn’t stop you, though, from reading up on the different houses and wands yourself to get a general sense of where you might stand.
AVATAR: BENDING ELEMENT
There isn’t really a test for this, I mainly just read through the descriptions for each bending style and decided which one most closely fit my personality. It was quite difficult because I was torn between fire and air, but I ultimately settled on one.
Focus on Fire, Air, Water, and Earth as the ‘Specialized’ ones fall under one of the four, and Energy is technically only available to the Avatar.
PERSONALITY TESTS DATABASES
This site is chockfull of many different kinds of tests, except the catch is that you need to pay for the full results. Still, it could give you ideas for other tests to google for.
A lot of the links posted are from this site. Everything is free.
Pretty self-explanatory. Again, completely free.
If there any others you would like me to add to this page or try out, please don’t hesitate to let me know!